The present paper is entirely devoted to the conceptual elements of a roadmap for the energy transition in the Republic of Moldova that can be developed exclusively in the elaboration of the Energy Strategy toward 2050. At the national level, Republic of Moldova has already taken a number of important steps in this direction, steps that will foreshadow the basis of the national energy long-term strategy in this field. The Republic of Moldova has a satisfactory and sufficient energy potential. The Republic of Moldova has a good enough position to cope with the energy transition. The country has all the necessary things to take advantage of the inevitable evolution in the energy sector and to transform them into opportunities for the entire economy.