In this article addresses the issue of Romania’s energy strategy , under national energy realities and the European Union and the geopolitical. A new energy strategy in the medium and long term, resulting from the revision of the existing one, should be a priority for the Government and Parliament . It must create conditions to stimulate economic growth and general welfare in Romania. ,,Energy and natural resources ” is a key sector in Romania to launch the economy, achieving sustainable economic growth and increasing general welfare. In the last part of the article proposes a set of strategic guidelines ,, medium and long term ”. Keywords: energy strategy, energy resources, energy market, energy mix, energy sector.