The particularly fast growth in the number of mobile communication technology users has led to an increased interest in regard to the biological effects associated thereto. The radiation – waves – electromagnetic fields are an omnipresent form of energy transfer. Any physical body, when at a temperature above „0 K”, emits ionising or non-ionising radiation. When using a mobile phone, the tissues that are adjacent to the phone are subject to electromagnetic radiation levels that are thousands of times more intense compared to the level recorded in the area of the base stations, and this calls for severe restrictions as to the „Specific energy absorption rate” (S.A.R.) of the phone device in question. Unlike heating, which is due to the capacity of the body to absorb energy from the irradiative field, the possibility of producing non-thermal effects derives from the „oscillating similarity” between the microwave radiation and the living organism. The paper outlines the features of radiation generated by the use of mobile phones, the potential effects onto the beneficiaries of such phones, as well as the solutions for mitigating those effects.